Yes, the causes of poor seminal fluid quality are on the rise (due to pollution and environmental factors), increased mechanical sterility in women (due to abortion and intrauterine device application), sexually transmitted diseases and the rise in the average age of conception among women.
When is a couple defined as being "infertile"?
The World Health Organization defines a "non-fertile" couple as one who, after a full year of regular and unprotected intercourse, can not become pregnant.
What Happens After This Year?
One then looks at the causes in order to identify the best possible treatment for the specific situation. Intrauterine insemination may follow, with success rates ranging from 12 to 20% for each attempt. After the third unsuccessful attempt, we proceed with in vitro fertilization, with a success rate of 25-28% during the ovulation period.
What are the various types of in vitro fertilization?
IVF: The sperm enters alone in the oval.
ICSI: The sperm is microinjected into the egg.
And if the couple were sterile?
You can proceed with donation of the gametes or an embryo.
After how many days do you know if fertilization has been successful?
With a blood test, starting on the thirteenth day after the embryo's having been transferred.
When is it time to give up?
There is no exact and predetermined time. Doctors need to assist the couple at each stage and help her understand when it is not necessary to make further attempts. This is a difficult and traumatic moment, so constant and professional support is essential.